Aerounatical Telecommunication Services
Letové prevádzkové služby Slovenskej republiky, štátny podnik (LPS SR, š. p.) provides aeronautical telecommunication services and technical infrastructure for air traffic services.
The operation of communications technology, data communications, radar data processing systems, flight data and navigation equipment data creates an optimum environment for the provision of high-quality air traffic services.
All systems and equipments have been installed, maintained and set-up in compliance with the applicable standards and recommendations of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the European organization for safety of air navigation - EUROCONTROL.
There are only few human activities that so much depend on introducing latest advanced technology as aviation. In general, the environment of provision of air navigation services consists of the following elements: Equipment, people and procedures. All three of them are equally important, cannot be separated and are interlinked with quality and safety management systems.
Reliability of the services
All important systems are continuously monitored and are regularly assessed and evaluated in regard of their reliability during all phases of their life cycle (from design, putting into operation, operation and maintenance up to their retirement). The Civil Aviation Authority of the Slovak Republic executes regular state supervision on CNS/ATM systems operation and provision of the services.
Company improves continuously the quality of the systems by introduction of new CNS/ATM technologies by which a permanently high standard of safety and efficiency of the provided air navigation services are achieved.
Aeronautical telecommunication services and technical infrastructure of air traffic services:
- Communication services
Their prime goal is to provide safe, high-performance, effective and mutually cooperating communication as core enabler for the provision of air navigation services. SACON (Slovak Aeronautical Telecommunication Network) communication network is the core means for the provision of the communication services. In general, it is based on international standards and uses a new, generally available technology enhancing performance and reliability. The communication in aviation consists of three main elements: Ground - ground; air - ground; air - air.
Air - ground communication is provided via remote communication centers geographically distributed over territory of the Slovak Republic.
- Navigation Services
These services are provided by systems for en-route and aerodrome navigation. These sophisticated devices are located on the ground and broadcast information on the board of the aircraft, which is used by a pilot to determine the relative aircraft location.
- Surveillance Systems
These systems provide precise information about the aircraft location and speed by means of high-frequency signals. Surveillance systems includes: sensors, data transmission, surveillance data processing and analysis support tools. Systems provide non-stop information on distances, direction or height of aircraft in the operating range. Systems work actively in conjunction with transmitter/receiver on board - the so-called transponder, and moreover provide information on the identification and the aircraft flight level.
- Radar and flight data processing and display
Integrate and automate the processing of information received from a variety of sources, data derived from pilot's flight plans, radar position reports, voice reports, weather sensors, into a complex tool used by air traffic controllers for the provision of an effective and safe air traffic services.
ATM systems provide a coherent presentation of airspace picture: controller's positions display cartographic and radar data along with the information on the planned air traffic and use of the airspace and other relevant meteorological and aeronautical information.